Amendment to Section 6330 Regulations

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Actions & Restrictions on Levy
Serving & Releasing Levies
Jeopardy Levy
Bank Levies
Levy on Income
Levy in Special Cases
Automated Levy Programs
6331 Code and Regulations
6332 Code and Regulations
6333 Code and Regulations
6334 Code and Regulations
6335 Code and Regulations
6336 Code and Regulations
6337 Code and Regulations
6338 Code and Regulations
6339 Code and Regulations
6340 Code and Regulations
6341 Code and Regulations
6330 Code and Regulations
6331 Court Order
6331 Damages
6331 Debt
6331 Community Property
6331 Effective Levy
6331 Bankruptcy p1
6331 Bankruptcy p2
6331 Bankruptcy p3
6331 Bankruptcy p4
6331 Bankruptcy p5
6331 Bankruptcy p6
6331 Bail Money
6331 Bank Account
6331 Bank Vault
6331 Alimony Funds
6331 Continuous Levy
Publication 4418 - Levy Program
Pre Seizure Considerations Tax Levy
Pre Approval Post Approval
Actions Prior to sale of seized property
IRS Seizure Sale Procedures
How IRS Conducts a Seizure of  Property
Property acquired and disposed by IRS
Judicial Sale of Levied Property
Understanding your IRS Notice
Releasing Levies and Levied Property
7426 Code and Regulations
Amendment to section 6330 Regulations
6320 Proposed Amendments of Regulations
6332 - Seizure of Property Subject to Distraint
6332 - Annotations- Salary
6332 - Annotations- Savings Account Attachment
6332 - Annotations- Summary Judgment
6332 - Annotations- State Auditor
6332 - Annotations- State Funds
6332 - Annotations-Prior Law
6332 - Annotations- Surety
6332 - Annotations- Title in Dispute
6332 - Annotations- Attorney Fees
6332 - Annotations- Attorney's Liability
6332 - Annotations- Bank Accounts p1
6332 - Annotations- Bank Accounts p2
6332 - Annotations- Bank Accounts p3
6332 - Annotations- Bank Accounts p4
6332 - Annotations- Bank Accounts p5
6332 - Annotations- Commissions
6332 - Annotations- Corporations Obligations
6332 - Annotations- Effect of Honoring Levy p1
6332 - Annotations- Effect of Honoring Levy p2
6332 - Annotations- Effect of Honoring Levy p3
6332 - Annotations- Effect of Honoring Levy p4
6332 - Annotations- Effect of Honoring Levy p5
6332 - Annotations- Effect of payment of tax
6332 - Annotations- Embezzled Funds
6332 - Annotations- Partnership Property
6332 - Annotations- Levy and Demand
Property in Custody of County Commissioner
6332 - Annotations- Property of Another
6332 - Annotations- Property in Custody of State Court
6332 - Annotations- Reasonable Cause
6332 - Annotations- Property Unlawfully Obtained
6333 - Annotations- No Levy Pending
6334 - Annotations- Child Support
6334 - Annotations- Amount of Exemption
6334 - Annotations- Books Furniture tools
6334 - Annotations- Homestead p1
6334 - Annotations- Homestead p2
6334 - Annotations- Homestead p3
6334 - Annotations- Clothing
6334 - Annotations- Disability Benefits
6334 - Annotations- Retirement Accounts p1
6334 - Annotations- Retirement Accounts p2
6334 - Annotations- Military Retirement Benifits
6334 - Annotations- Net Pay
6334 - Annotations- State Exemption Law
6334 - Annotations- Seaman's Wage Statute
6334 - Annotations- Social Security Benfits
6334 - Annotations- Prior Law
6334 - Annotations- Subsequently Receieved Wages
6334 - Annotations- Worker's Compensation
6335 - Annotations- Designation of Proceeds
6335 - Annotations- Bailment Lessor
6335 - Annotations- Damage Suit Against Collector p1
6335 - Annotations- Damage Suit Against Collector p2
6335 - Annotations- Husband and Wife
6335 - Annotations- Effect of Vacating Invalid Sale
6335 - Annotations- Homesteads p1
6335 - Annotations- Homesteads p2
6335 - Annotations- Homesteads p3
6335 - Annotations- Jeopardy Assessments
6335 - Annotations- Injunctive Relief
6335 - Annotations- Interest
6335 - Annotations- Minimum Price
6335 - Annotations- Jurisdiction
6335 - Annotations- Late Payment
6335 - Annotations- Place of Sale
6335 - Annotations- Notice of Adjournment
6335 - Annotations- Notice of Sale or Seizure p1
6335 - Annotations- Notice of Sale or Seizure p2
6335 - Annotations- Notice of Sale or Seizure p3
6335 - Annotations- Notice of Sale or Seizure p4
6335 - Annotations- Third-Party Interest p1
6335 - Annotations- Third-Party Interest p2
6335 - Annotations- Rescission
6335 - Annotations Seized Property Sale Report
6335 - Annotations--Prior Law
6335 - Annotations- Wrongful Sale
6330 Collection Due Process Hearing Requests
6330 - Annotations- Collection Due Process Notice
6330 - Annotations- Forms and Transcripts 1 p1
6330 - Annotations- Forms and Transcripts 1 p2
6330 - Annotations- Forms and Transcripts 1 p3
6330 - Annotations- Froms and Transcripts 1 p4
6330 - Annotations- Forms and Transcripts 1 p5
6330 - Annotations- Froms and Transcripts 2
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 1 p1
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 1 p2
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 1 p3
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 1 p4
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 2 p1
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 2 p2
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 2 p3
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 2 p4
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 3 p1
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 3 p2
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 3 p3
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 3 p4
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 4 p1
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 4 p2
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 4 p3
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 4 p4
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 5 p1
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 5 p2
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 5 p3
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 6 p1
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 6 p2
6330 - Annotations- Hearing Procedures 6 p3
6330 - Annotations- Impartial IRS Appeals Officers p1
6330 - Annotations- Impartial IRS Appeals Officers p2
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 1 p1
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 1 p2
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 1 p3
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 1 p4
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 2 p1
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 2 p2
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 2 p3
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 2 p4
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 2 p5
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 3 p1
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 3 p2
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 3 p3
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 3 p4
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 4 p1
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 4 p2
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 4 p3
6330 - Annotations- Issues Raised at Hearings 4 p4
Judical Review of Apepeals- Equivalent
Judical Review of Apepeals-District Co (1)
Judicial Review of Appeals-District Court p1
Judicial Review of Appeals-District Court p2
Judicial Review of Appeals-District Court p3
Judicial Review of Appeals-District Court p4
Judical Review of Apepeals-Filed in Wrong
Judicial Review of Appeals-Judicial Rev (1)
Judicial Review of Appeals-Judicial Review p1
Judicial Review of Appeals-Judicial Review p2
Judicial Review of Appeals-Judicial Review p3
Judicial Review of Appeals-Judicial Review p4
Judicial Review of Appeals-Judicial Review p5
Judicial Review of Appeals-Sovereign Immunity
Judicial Review of Appeals-Statute of Limitations
Judicial Review of Appeals-Tax Court 1 p1
Judicial Review of Appeals-Tax Court 1 p2
Judicial Review of Appeals-Tax Court 1 p3
Judicial Review of Appeals-Tax Court 1 p4
Judicial Review of Appeals-Tax Court 1 p5
Judical Review of Apepeals-Tax Court 2 p1
Judicial Review of Appeals-Tax Court 2 p2
Judicial Review of Appeals-Tax Court 2 p3
Judicial Review of Appeals-Timely Filing
6330 - Annotations- Prior Hearings p1
6330 - Annotations- Prior Hearings p2
6336 - Annotations- Injunctive Relief
6336 - Annotations- Value of Property
6337 - Annotations- Assignee
6337 - Annotations- Attempt to Assign
6337 - Annotations- Bankruptcy
6337 - Annotations- Fraud Right of Redemption
6337 - Annotations- Jurisdiction
6337 - Annotations- Periods for Redemption
6337 - Annotations- Proper Party
6337 - Annotations- Property Subject to Redemption
6337 - Annotations- Reaquisition by Prior Owner
6337 - Annotations- Representations
6337 - Annotations- Informal Redemption
6339 - Annotations- Effect of Faulty Transfer
6339 - Annotations- Sale of Taxpayers Real Property p1
6339 - Annotations- Sale of Taxpayers Real Property p2
6340 - Annotations- Purchaser of Property

 

Amendment to section 6330 Regulations


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Proposed Amendments of Regulations ( REG -150091-02) , published in the Federal Register on September 16, 2005 .


Levy and distraint: Collection Due Process hearings: Notices: Procedures. --

Amendments of Reg. 301.6330-1, clarifying the way collection due process (CDP) hearings are held and specifying the period during which a taxpayer may request an equivalent hearing, are proposed. The text is at 38,183B.




AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service ( IRS ), Treasury.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking and notice of public hearing.

SUMMARY: This document contains proposed amendments to the regulations relating to a taxpayer's right to a hearing before or after levy under section 6330 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. The proposed regulations make certain clarifying changes in the way collection due process (CDP) hearings are held and specify the period during which a taxpayer may request an equivalent hearing. The proposed regulations affect taxpayers against whose property or rights to property the Internal Revenue Service ( IRS ) intends to levy on or after January 19, 1999. This document also contains a notice of public hearing on these proposed regulations.

DATES: Written and electronic comments must be received by December 15, 2005. Outlines of topics to be discussed at the public hearing scheduled for 10 a.m. on January 19, 2006 must be received by December 29, 2005.

ADDRESSES: Send submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR ( REG -150091-02), room 5203, Internal Revenue Service, PO Box 7604, Ben Frank lin Station, Washington, DC 20044. Submissions may be hand-delivered Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. to CC:PA:LPD:PR ( REG -150091-02), Courier's Desk, Internal Revenue Service, 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC, or sent electronically, via the IRS Internet site at www.irs.gov/regs or via the Federal eRulemaking Portal at www.regulations.gov (indicate IRS and REG -150091-02). The public hearing will be held in the IRS Auditorium, Internal Revenue Building (7th Floor), 1111 Constitution Avenue , NW., Washington , DC .

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Concerning the regulations, call Laurence K. Williams, 202-622-3600 (not a toll-free number). Concerning submissions and/or to be placed on the building access list to attend the hearing, call Robin Jones, 202-622-7180 (not a toll-free number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:



Background

This document contains proposed amendments to the Regulations on Procedure and Administration (26 CFR part 301) relating to the provision of notice under section 6330 of the Internal Revenue Code to taxpayers of a right to a CDP hearing (CDP Notice) before levy. Final regulations (TD 8980) were published on January 18, 2002 in the Federal Register (67 FR 2549). The final regulations implemented certain changes made by section 3401 of the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-206, 112 Stat. 685)(RRA 1998), including the addition of section 6330 to the Internal Revenue Code. The final regulations affected taxpayers against whose property or rights to property the IRS intends to levy.

Section 3401 of RRA 1998 also added section 6320 to the Internal Revenue Code. That statute provides for notice to taxpayers of a right to a hearing after the filing of a notice of Federal tax lien (NFTL). A number of the provisions in section 6330 concerning the conduct and judicial review of a CDP hearing are incorporated by reference in section 6320. On January 18, 2002, final regulations (TD 8979) under section 6320 were published in the Federal Register (67 FR 2558) along with the final regulations under section 6330.



Explanation of Provisions

A taxpayer is entitled to one CDP hearing with respect to the tax and tax period covered by a CDP Notice concerning a levy or a CDP Notice concerning the filing of a NFTL. The IRS Office of Appeals (Appeals) has conducted over 92,000 CDP hearings and more than 30,000 equivalent hearings since sections 6320 and 6330 became effective for collection actions initiated on and after January 19, 1999.

In general, the experience of the past six years with CDP hearings has demonstrated that there is a need for changes to allow Appeals to effectively and fairly handle the cases of taxpayers who raise issues of substance. Appeals has instituted many improvements in its processing of CDP cases and has conducted extensive training in an effort to provide careful, but timely, review of CDP cases, which currently are filed at a rate of approximately 2,450 per month. The proposed regulations, if adopted as final regulations, will increase efficiency without compromising the quality and fairness of review.

In many CDP cases, significant time is spent merely identifying the issues. Although the Form 12153 used to request a CDP hearing requires a taxpayer to state a reason or reasons for disagreeing with the proposed levy, many taxpayers either do not supply that information, or raise new issues during the CDP hearing process not identified on the hearing request. Delays result while taxpayers provide new supporting documentation and Appeals personnel reconsider prior conclusions in light of the new information. Cases of other taxpayers pending in Appeals are delayed because other work must be constantly rescheduled.

Cases are also delayed when taxpayers propose collection alternatives for which they are not eligible. The IRS does not consider offers in compromise or installment agreements from taxpayers who have failed to file required returns as of the date the offer or the proposed installment agreement is submitted. See Publication 594, "What You Should Know about the IRS Collection Process (Rev. 2-2004)." Similarly, the IRS will not consider an offer in compromise from an in-business taxpayer unless the taxpayer has timely filed all returns and timely made all Federal tax deposits for two consecutive quarters. See Form 656, "Offer in Compromise (Rev. 7-2004)." The resources of Appeals are ineffectively utilized arranging and conducting face-to-face conferences requested by non-compliant taxpayers whose only complaint is the rejection of an offer to compromise or installment agreement for which they are not eligible.

Frivolous cases also cause unnecessary delays. During fiscal year 2004, 5.4 percent of the 32,226 CDP and equivalent-hearing cases Appeals handled involved taxpayers who were non-filers or raised only frivolous issues. Cases raising frivolous issues, in particular, consume a disproportionately large amount of time, because Appeals personnel must often read lengthy, frivolous submissions in search of any substantive issue buried within. Delays also result when taxpayers use face-to-face conferences as a venue for frivolous oration and harassment of Appeals personnel.

The proposed regulations attempt to address these and other problems that have become apparent during the first six years of CDP practice. The proposed changes are aimed at creating a more focused procedure that will allow Appeals to continue to provide careful review of proposed levies as the volume of cases increases.

A taxpayer must request a CDP hearing in writing. The current regulations require that a request for a CDP hearing include the taxpayer's name, address, and daytime telephone number, and that the request be dated and signed by either the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative. Section 301.6330-1(c)(2), Q&A-C1. A Form 12153, "Request for a Collection Due Process Hearing," is included with the CDP Notice sent to the taxpayer pursuant to section 6330. The Form 12153 requests (1) the taxpayer's name, address, daytime telephone number, and taxpayer identification number ( SSN or EIN), (2) the type of tax involved, (3) the tax period at issue, (4) a statement that the taxpayer requests a hearing with Appeals concerning the proposed levy, and (5) the reason or reasons why the taxpayer disagrees with the proposed levy. Although taxpayers are encouraged to use a Form 12153 in requesting a CDP hearing, the current regulations do not require the use of Form 12153.

Section 301.6330-1(c)(2), A-C1, of the proposed regulations requires taxpayers to state their reasons for disagreement with the proposed levy whether or not a Form 12153 is used to request a CDP hearing. In addition, a taxpayer who fails to sign a timely CDP hearing request because the request is made by a spouse or other unauthorized representative must affirm in writing that the request was originally submitted on the taxpayer's behalf. Failure to provide the written affirmation within a reasonable time after a request from Appeals will result in the denial of a CDP hearing for that taxpayer.

A CDP hearing is to be conducted by an Appeals officer or employee who has had no "prior involvement" with respect to the tax for the tax periods to be covered by the hearing, unless the taxpayer waives this requirement. Section 301.6330-1(d)(2), A-D4 of the current regulations provides that "prior involvement" by an Appeals officer or employee includes participation or involvement in an Appeals hearing that the taxpayer may have had with respect to the tax and tax period shown on the CDP Notice, other than a CDP hearing held under either section 6320 or section 6330. It is important that "prior involvement" be construed in a manner that reasonably protects against predisposition but at the same time does not disqualify too broad a range of Appeals personnel. A broad standard of "prior involvement" would lead to uncertain application, could result in the disqualification of an entire Appeals office, many of which have small staffs, and could make it difficult to conduct the CDP hearing. Section 301.6330-1(d)(2), A-D4 of the proposed regulations provides that prior involvement exists only when the taxpayer, the tax liability and the tax period shown on the CDP Notice also were at issue in the prior non-CDP hearing or proceeding, and the Appeals officer or employee actually participated in the prior hearing or proceeding. Examples are provided in 301.6330-1(d)(3) of the proposed regulations.

Section 301.6330-1(d)(2), A-D7, of the proposed regulations clarifies that a face-to-face conference is merely one aspect of a CDP hearing under section 6330 and is not by itself the entire CDP hearing.

A-D7 of the proposed regulations also provides that, in all cases, the Appeals officer or employee will review the taxpayer's request for a CDP hearing, the case file, other written communications from the taxpayer, and any notes of oral communications with the taxpayer or the taxpayer's representative. If no face-to-face or telephonic conference is held, review of those documents will constitute the CDP hearing for purposes of section 6330(b).

A-D7 of the proposed regulations further clarifies that when a business taxpayer is offered an opportunity for a face-to-face conference it will be held at the Appeals office closest to the taxpayer's principal place of business. The current regulations have been misinterpreted by some taxpayers as requiring the IRS to hold a face-to-face conference at the taxpayer's principal place of business.

Q&A-D8 of the proposed regulations is new. It describes specific circumstances in which Appeals will not hold a face-to-face conference with the taxpayer or the taxpayer's representative because a conference will serve no useful purpose. The experience of Appeals is that although most taxpayers request face-to-face conferences, they are sometimes difficult to schedule on a date and at a time that is convenient for the taxpayer. In some of these cases, taxpayers or their representatives have used the scheduling of a face-to-face conference as a tactic to delay the IRS 's collection efforts. In other cases, taxpayers have requested a face-to-face conference merely to raise frivolous arguments concerning the Federal tax system or to request collection alternatives for which they do not qualify. Q&A-D8 of the proposed regulations provides that a face-to-face conference need not be offered if the taxpayer or the taxpayer's representative raises only frivolous arguments concerning the Federal tax system. See the IRS Internet site, www.irs.gov/pub/irs-utl/friv_tax.pdf, for examples of frivolous arguments. A face-to-face conference also will not be granted if the taxpayer proposes collection alternatives that would not be available to other taxpayers in similar circumstances. A face-to-face conference need not be granted if the taxpayer does not provide in the written request for a CDP hearing, as perfected, the required information set forth in A-C1(ii)(E) of paragraph (c)(2) of the proposed regulations.

In addition, a face-to-face conference will not be held at the location closest to the taxpayer's residence or principal place of business if all Appeals officers or employees at that location are considered to have prior involvement as provided in A-D4. In this case, the taxpayer will be offered a hearing by telephone or correspondence, or some combination thereof. The taxpayer may be able to obtain a face-to-face conference at the Appeals office closest to the taxpayer's residence or principal place of business under these circumstances if the taxpayer waives the requirement of section 6330(b)(3) concerning impartiality of the Appeals officer or employee. Appeals will offer the taxpayer a face-to-face conference at another Appeals office if in the exercise of its discretion Appeals would have offered the taxpayer a face-to-face conference at the original location.

With the foregoing exceptions, it is anticipated that a face-to-face conference will ordinarily be offered with respect to any relevant issues or collection alternatives for which the taxpayer qualifies.

Sections 301.6330-1(e)(1) and 301.6330-1(e)(3), A-E2 and A-E7 have been changed to more closely follow the language of section 6330(c)(2)(B). These changes are necessary because these regulations have been misinterpreted as defining the underlying tax liability that may be considered at the CDP hearing under section 6330(c)(2)(B) to be the tax liability listed on the CDP Notice. The existing regulations, which refer to tax liability on the CDP Notice, were intended merely to make clear that taxpayers may only challenge taxes or tax periods listed on the CDP Notice, not to supply a substantive definition of underlying tax liability. Section 301.6330-1(e)(3), A-E6 has been amended to clarify that taxpayers who receive CDP hearings can only qualify for collection alternatives available generally to taxpayers in similar circumstances.

The experience of the past six years has revealed that many taxpayers raise an issue with Appeals but fail to furnish any documentation or evidence with respect to the issue despite being given a reasonable period to do so. For example, a taxpayer may request an installment agreement, but when an Appeals officer or employee requests financial data necessary to determine eligibility for the installment agreement, the taxpayer may not comply with the request. Or a taxpayer may dispute liability for a tax period by claiming entitlement to deductions, but provide no substantiation for the deductions in response to requests from Appeals. Current 301.6330-1(f)(2), A-F5 provides that a taxpayer may not seek judicial review of an issue that he has not raised during the CDP hearing. A-F5 is revised to clarify that in order to obtain judicial review, a taxpayer must not only bring the issue to the attention of Appeals but must also submit, if requested, evidence with respect to that issue. Under revised A-F5, if the taxpayer does not provide Appeals any evidence with respect to the issue after being given a reasonable opportunity to submit such evidence, then he may not ask a court to consider the issue.

There has been some confusion about what documents Appeals should retain, and what notations the Appeals officer or employee conducting the hearing should make, in order to provide a judicially reviewable administrative record. A new Q&A-F6 has been added to specify the contents of the administrative record required for court review.

The IRS receives a number of tardy requests for CDP hearings. The changes to 301.6330-1(i)(2) explain how these requests will be treated. The proposed amendments to the regulations add a new Q&A-I1 to 301.6330-1(i)(2) to explain that a taxpayer must request an equivalent hearing in writing. A taxpayer may obtain an equivalent hearing if the 30-day period described in section 6330(a)(3) for requesting a CDP hearing has expired. Unlike an Appeals determination in a CDP hearing, the Appeals decision in an equivalent hearing is not reviewable in court. Under new Q&A-I1, the IRS is not required to treat a late-filed CDP request as a request for an equivalent hearing. Section 301.6330-1(c)(2), A-C7 has been amended to require that the taxpayer be notified of the right to an equivalent hearing in all cases in which a tardy request for a CDP hearing is received. It is expected that the IRS will either send the taxpayer a letter or orally inform the taxpayer that the CDP hearing request is untimely and ask if the taxpayer wishes to have an equivalent hearing. If the taxpayer elects to have an equivalent hearing, the IRS will treat the CDP hearing request as a request for an equivalent hearing without requiring the taxpayer to make an additional written request.

Current Q&A-I1 through I5 are renumbered Q&A-I2 through I6. The proposed regulations add Q&A-I7 to 301.6330-1(i)(2) to clarify that the period during which a taxpayer may obtain an equivalent hearing is not indefinite. The equivalent hearing procedure is not provided by statute but, consistent with the legislative history of RRA 1998, was adopted in order to accommodate taxpayers who failed timely to exercise their right to a CDP hearing. The equivalent hearing was meant to occur near the time a CDP hearing held pursuant to a timely request would have occurred, because it was meant to address the same matters that would have been addressed at a CDP hearing. The procedure was not meant to provide a hearing right that could be exercised months or years after the circumstances that precipitated the proposed levy have passed. A hearing before Appeals at a later time may be obtained under the Collection Appeals Program. Therefore, proposed Q&A-I7 limits to one year the period during which a taxpayer may request an equivalent hearing. The period commences the day after the date of the CDP Notice issued under section 6330.

Because the time for requesting an equivalent hearing will be limited, the proposed regulations add new Q&A-I8, Q&A-I9, Q&A-I10 and Q&A-I11 to 301.6330-1(i)(2) to provide the same rules governing mailing, delivery and determination of timeliness that apply to requests for CDP hearings. Unlike existing 301.6330-1(c)(2), A-C6, new A-I10 does not identify the officials to whom to send an equivalent hearing request if the CDP Notice does not specify where to send the request. Because the identity and the address of the person to whom the request should be sent may change in the future, taxpayers will be able to obtain more current information by calling the 1-800 number listed in A-I10. Section 301.6330-1(c)(2), A-C6 also has been revised in the proposed regulations to provide that taxpayers should call the 1-800 number to obtain the address to which the CDP hearing request should be sent.

The proposed regulations are effective the date 30 days after final regulations are published in the Federal Register with respect to requests for CDP hearings or equivalent hearings made on or after the date 30 days after final regulations are published in the Federal Register .



Special Analyses

It has been determined that this notice of proposed rulemaking is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations, and because the regulations do not impose a collection of information on small entities, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not apply. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, this notice of proposed rulemaking will be submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small business.



Comments and Public Hearing

Before these proposed regulations are adopted as final regulations, consideration will be given to any electronic and written comments that are submitted timely to the IRS . The IRS and Treasury Department specifically request comments on the clarity of the proposed regulations and how they may be made easier to understand. All comments will be available for public inspection and copying.

A public hearing has been scheduled for January 19, 2006, at 10 a.m. in the IRS Auditorium, Internal Revenue Building (7th Floor), 1111 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC. All visitors must present photo identification to enter the building. Because of access restrictions, visitors will not be admitted beyond the immediate entrance area more than 30 minutes before the hearing starts. For information about having a visitor's name placed on the building access list to attend the hearing, see the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT caption.

An outline of the topics to be discussed and the time to be devoted to each topic must be submitted by any person who wishes to present oral comments at the hearing. Outlines must be received by December 29, 2005.

The rules of 26 CFR 601.601(a)(3) apply to the hearing. A period of 10 minutes will be allotted to each person for making comments.

An agenda showing the scheduling of the speakers will be prepared after the deadline for receiving requests to speak has passed. Copies of the agenda will be available free of charge at the hearing.



Drafting Information

The principal author of these regulations is Laurence K. Williams, Office of Associate Chief Counsel, Procedure and Administration (Collection, Bankruptcy and Summonses Division).



List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 301

Employment Taxes, Estate Taxes, Excise Taxes, Gift Taxes, Income Taxes, Penalties, Reporting and Recordkeeping Requirements.



Proposed Amendments to the Regulations

Accordingly, 26 CFR part 301 is proposed to be amended as follows:



PART 301 --PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION

Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 301 continues to read, in part, as follows:

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *

Par. 2. Section 301.6330-1 is proposed to be amended as follows:

1. Paragraph (c)(2) A-C1, Q&A-C6 and A-C7 are revised.

2. Paragraph (d)(2) A-D4 and A-D7 are revised.

3. Paragraph (d)(2) Q&A-D8 is added.

4. Paragraph (d)(3) is added.

5. Paragraph (e)(1) is revised.

6. Paragraph (e)(3) A-E2, A-E6 and A-E7 are revised.

7. Paragraph (f)(2) A-F5 is revised.

8. Paragraph (f)(2) Q&A-F6 is added.

9. Paragraph (i)(2)Q&A-I1 through Q&A-I5 are renumbered Q&A-I2 through Q&A-I6, a new paragraph (i)(2)Q&A-I1 and new paragraphs Q&A-I7 through Q&A-I11 are added.

10. Paragraph (j) is revised.

301.6330-1 Notice and opportunity for hearing prior to levy.

* * * * *

(c) * * *

(2) * * *

A-C1. (i) The taxpayer must make a request in writing for a CDP hearing. The request for a CDP hearing shall include the information specified in A-C1(ii) of this paragraph (c)(2). See A-D7 and A-D8 of paragraph (d)(2).

(ii) The written request for a CDP hearing must be dated and must include the following information:

(A) The taxpayer's name, address, daytime telephone number (if any), and taxpayer identification number ( SSN or EIN).

(B) The type of tax involved.

(C) The tax period at issue.

(D) A statement that the taxpayer requests a hearing with Appeals concerning the proposed levy.

(E) The reason or reasons why the taxpayer disagrees with the proposed levy.

(F) The signature of the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative.

(iii) The taxpayer must perfect any timely written request for a CDP hearing that does not provide the required information set forth in A-C1(ii) of this paragraph within a reasonable period of time after a request from the IRS .

(iv) Taxpayers are encouraged to use a Form 12153, "Request for a Collection Due Process Hearing," in requesting a CDP hearing so that the request can be readily identified and forwarded to Appeals. Taxpayers may obtain a copy of Form 12153 by contacting the IRS office that issued the CDP Notice, by downloading a copy from the IRS Internet site, www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f12153.pdf, or by calling, toll-free, 1-800-829-3676.

(v) The taxpayer must affirm any timely written request for a CDP hearing which is signed or alleged to have been signed on the taxpayer's behalf by the taxpayer's spouse or other unauthorized representative by filing, within a reasonable time after a request from the IRS , a signed, written affirmation that the request was originally submitted on the taxpayer's behalf. If the affirmation is not filed within a reasonable period of time after a request, the CDP hearing request will be denied with respect to the non-signing taxpayer.

* * * * *

Q-C6. Where must the written request for a CDP hearing be sent?

A-C6. The written request for a CDP hearing must be sent, or hand delivered (if permitted), to the IRS office and address as directed on the CDP Notice. If the address of that office does not appear on the CDP Notice, the taxpayer should obtain the address of the office to which the written request should be sent or hand delivered by calling, toll-free, 1-800-829-1040 and providing the taxpayer's identification number ( SSN or TIN ).

* * * * *

A-C7. If the taxpayer does not request a CDP hearing in writing within the 30-day period that commences on the day after the date of the CDP Notice, the taxpayer foregoes the right to a CDP hearing under section 6330 with respect to the unpaid tax and tax periods shown on the CDP Notice. If the request for CDP hearing is received after the 30-day period, the taxpayer will be notified of the untimely request and of the right to an equivalent hearing. See paragraph (i) of this section.

* * * * *

(d) * * *

(2) * * *

A-D4. Prior involvement by an Appeals officer or employee includes participation or involvement in an Appeals hearing (other than a CDP hearing held under either section 6320 or section 6330) that the taxpayer may have had with respect to the tax and tax period shown on the CDP Notice. Prior involvement exists only when the taxpayer, the tax liability and the tax period at issue in the CDP hearing also were at issue in the prior non-CDP hearing or proceeding, and the Appeals officer or employee actually participated in the prior hearing or proceeding.

* * * * *

A-D7. Except as provided in A-D8 of this paragraph (d)(2), a taxpayer who presents in the CDP hearing request relevant, non-frivolous reasons for disagreement with the proposed levy will ordinarily be offered an opportunity for a face-to-face conference at the Appeals office closest to taxpayer's residence. A business taxpayer will ordinarily be offered an opportunity for a face-to-face conference at the Appeals office closest to the taxpayer's principal place of business. If that is not satisfactory to the taxpayer, the taxpayer will be given an opportunity for a hearing by telephone or by correspondence. In all cases, the Appeals officer or employee will review the case file, which includes the taxpayer's request for a CDP hearing, any other written communications from the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative, and any notes made by Appeals officers or employees of any oral communications with the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative. If no face-to-face or telephonic conference is held, review of those documents will constitute the CDP hearing for purposes of section 6330(b).

Q-D8. In what circumstances will a face-to-face CDP conference not be granted?

A-D8. A taxpayer is not entitled to a face-to-face CDP conference at a location other than as provided in A-D7 of this paragraph (d)(2) and this A-D8. If all Appeals officers or employees at the location provided for in A-D7 of this paragraph have had prior involvement with the taxpayer as provided in A-D4 of this paragraph, the taxpayer will not be offered a face-to-face meeting at that location, unless the taxpayer elects to waive the requirement of section 6330(b)(3). The taxpayer will be offered a face-to-face conference at another Appeals office if Appeals in the exercise of its discretion would have offered the taxpayer a face-to-face conference at the location provided in A-D7. A face-to-face CDP conference concerning a taxpayer's underlying liability will not be granted if the request for a hearing or other taxpayer communication indicates that the taxpayer wishes only to raise irrelevant or frivolous issues concerning that liability. A face-to-face CDP conference concerning a collection alternative, such as an installment agreement or an offer to compromise liability, will not be granted unless the alternative would be available to other taxpayers in similar circumstances. For example, because the IRS does not consider offers to compromise from taxpayers who have not filed required returns or have not made certain required deposits of tax, as set forth in Form 656, "Offer in Compromise," no face-to-face conference will be offered to a taxpayer who wishes to make an offer to compromise but has not fulfilled those obligations. A face-to-face conference need not be granted if the taxpayer does not provide the required information set forth in A-C1(ii)(E) of paragraph (c)(2). See also A-C1(iii) of paragraph C-2.

(3) Examples. The following examples illustrate the principles of this paragraph (d):

Example 1. Individual A timely requests a CDP hearing concerning a proposed levy for the 1998 income tax liability assessed against individual A. Appeals employee B previously conducted a CDP hearing regarding a NFTL filed with respect to A's 1998 income tax liability. Because employee B's only prior involvement with individual A's 1998 income tax liability was in connection with a section 6320 CDP hearing, employee B may conduct the CDP hearing under section 6330 involving the proposed levy for the 1998 income tax liability.

Example 2. Individual C timely requests a CDP hearing concerning a proposed levy for the 1998 income tax liability assessed against individual C. Appeals employee D previously conducted a Collection Appeals Program ( CAP ) hearing regarding a NFTL filed with respect to C's 1998 income tax liability. Because employee D's prior involvement with individual C's 1998 income tax liability was in connection with a non-CDP hearing, employee D may not conduct the CDP hearing under section 6330 unless individual C waives the requirement that the hearing will be conducted by an Appeals officer or employee who has had no prior involvement with respect to C's 1998 income tax liability.

Example 3. Same facts as in Example 2, except that the prior CAP hearing only involved individual C's 1997 income tax liability and employment tax liabilities for 1998 reported on Form 941. Employee D would not be considered to have prior involvement because the prior CAP hearing in which she participated did not involve individual C's 1998 income tax liability.

Example 4. Appeals employee F is assigned to a CDP hearing concerning a proposed levy for a trust fund recovery penalty (TFRP) assessed pursuant to section 6672 against individual E. Appeals employee F participated in a prior CAP hearing involving individual E's 1999 income tax liability, and participated in a CAP hearing involving the employment taxes of business entity X, which incurred the employment tax liability to which the TFRP assessed against individual E relates. Appeals employee F would not be considered to have prior involvement because the prior CAP hearings in which he participated did not directly involve the TFRP assessed against individual E.

Example 5. Appeals employee G is assigned to a CDP hearing concerning a proposed levy for a TFRP assessed pursuant to section 6672 against individual H. In preparing for the CDP hearing, Appeals employee G reviews the Appeals case file concerning the prior CAP hearing involving the TFRP assessed pursuant to section 6672 against individual H. Appeals employee G is not deemed to have participated in the previous CAP hearing involving the TFRP assessed against individual H by such review.

(e) Matters considered at CDP hearing --(1) In general. Appeals has the authority to determine the validity, sufficiency, and timeliness of any CDP Notice given by the IRS and of any request for a CDP hearing that is made by a taxpayer. Prior to issuance of a determination, Appeals is required to obtain verification from the IRS office collecting the tax that the requirements of any applicable law or administrative procedure have been met. The taxpayer may raise any relevant issue relating to the unpaid tax at the hearing, including appropriate spousal defenses, challenges to the appropriateness of the proposed levy, and offers of collection alternatives. The taxpayer also may raise challenges to the existence or amount of the underlying liability for any tax period specified on the CDP Notice if the taxpayer did not receive a statutory notice of deficiency for that tax liability or did not otherwise have an opportunity to dispute the tax liability. Finally, the taxpayer may not raise an issue that was raised and considered at a previous CDP hearing under section 6320 or in any other previous administrative or judicial proceeding if the taxpayer participated meaningfully in such hearing or proceeding. Taxpayers will be expected to provide all relevant information requested by Appeals, including financial statements, for its consideration of the facts and issues involved in the hearing.

* * * * *

(3) * * *

A-E2. A taxpayer is entitled to challenge the existence or amount of the underlying liability for any tax period specified on the CDP Notice if the taxpayer did not receive a statutory notice of deficiency for such liability or did not otherwise have an opportunity to dispute such liability. Receipt of a statutory notice of deficiency for this purpose means receipt in time to petition the Tax Court for a redetermination of the deficiency determined in the notice of deficiency. An opportunity to dispute the underlying liability includes a prior opportunity for a conference with Appeals that was offered either before or after the assessment of the liability.

* * * * *

A-E6. Collection alternatives include, for example, a proposal to withhold the proposed levy or future collection action in circumstances that will facilitate the collection of the tax liability, an installment agreement, an offer to compromise, the posting of a bond, or the substitution of other assets. A collection alternative is not available unless the alternative would be available to other taxpayers in similar circumstances. For example, the IRS does not consider an offer to compromise made by a taxpayer who, at the time of the CDP hearing, has not filed required returns or has not made certain required deposits of tax, as set forth in Form 656, "Offer in Compromise." The collection alternative of an offer to compromise would not be available to such a taxpayer in a CDP hearing.

* * * * *

A-E7. The taxpayer may raise appropriate spousal defenses, challenges to the appropriateness of the proposed collection action, and offers of collection alternatives. The existence or amount of the underlying liability for any tax period specified in the CDP Notice may be challenged only if the taxpayer did not already have an opportunity to dispute the tax liability. If the taxpayer previously received a CDP Notice under section 6320 with respect to the same tax and tax period and did not request a CDP hearing with respect to that earlier CDP Notice, the taxpayer has already had an opportunity to dispute the existence or amount of the underlying tax liability.

* * * * *

(f) * * *

(2) * * *

A-F5. In seeking Tax Court or district court review of a Notice of Determination, the taxpayer can only ask the court to consider an issue, including a challenge to the underlying tax liability, that was properly raised in the taxpayer's CDP hearing. An issue is not properly raised if the taxpayer fails to request consideration of the issue by Appeals, or if consideration is requested but the taxpayer fails to present to Appeals any evidence with respect to that issue after being given a reasonable opportunity to present such evidence.

Q-F6. What is the administrative record for purposes of court review?

A-F6. The case file, including written communications and information from the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative submitted in connection with the CDP hearing, notes made by an Appeals officer or employee of any oral communications with the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative and memoranda created by the Appeals officer or employee in connection with the CDP hearing, and any other documents or materials relied upon by the Appeals officer or employee in making the determination under section 6330(c)(3), will constitute the record in any court review of the Notice of Determination issued by Appeals.

(i) * * *

(2) * * *

Q-I1. What must a taxpayer do to obtain an equivalent hearing?

A-I1. (i) A request for an equivalent hearing must be made in writing. A written request in any form that requests an equivalent hearing will be acceptable if it includes the information required in paragraph (ii) of this A-I1.

(ii) The request must be dated and must include the following information:

(A) The taxpayer's name, address, daytime telephone number (if any), and taxpayer identification number ( SSN or EIN).

(B) The type of tax involved.

(C) The tax period at issue.

(D) A statement that the taxpayer is requesting an equivalent hearing with Appeals concerning the levy.

(E) The reason or reasons why the taxpayer disagrees with the proposed levy.

(F) The signature of the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative.

(iii) The taxpayer must perfect any timely written request for an equivalent hearing that does not provide the required information set forth in paragraph (ii) of this A-I1 within a reasonable period of time after a request from the IRS . If the requested information is not provided within a reasonable period of time, the taxpayer's equivalent hearing request will be denied.

(iv) The taxpayer must affirm any timely written request for an equivalent hearing that is signed or alleged to have been signed on the taxpayer's behalf by the taxpayer's spouse or other unauthorized representative, and that otherwise meets the requirements set forth in paragraph (ii) of this A-I1, by filing, within a reasonable time after a request from the IRS , a signed written affirmation that the request was originally submitted on the taxpayer's behalf. If the affirmation is not filed within a reasonable period of time, the equivalent hearing request will be denied with respect to the non-signing taxpayer.

* * * * *

Q-I7. When must a taxpayer request an equivalent hearing with respect to a CDP Notice issued under section 6330?

A-I7. A taxpayer must submit a written request for an equivalent hearing within the one-year period commencing the day after the date of the CDP Notice issued under section 6330. This period is slightly different from the period for submitting a written request for an equivalent hearing with respect to a CDP Notice issued under section 6320. For a CDP Notice issued under section 6320, a taxpayer must submit a written request for an equivalent hearing within the one-year period commencing the day after the end of the five-business-day period following the filing of the NFTL.

Q-I8. How will the timeliness of a taxpayer's written request for an equivalent hearing be determined?

A-I8. The rules and regulations under section 7502 and section 7503 will apply to determine the timeliness of the taxpayer's request for an equivalent hearing, if properly transmitted and addressed as provided in A-I10 of this paragraph (i)(2).

Q-I9. Is the one-year period within which a taxpayer must make a request for an equivalent hearing extended because the taxpayer resides outside the United States?

A-I9. No. All taxpayers who want an equivalent hearing must request the hearing within the one-year period commencing the day after the date of the CDP Notice issued under section 6330.

Q-I10. Where must the written request for an equivalent hearing be sent?

A-I10. The written request for an equivalent hearing must be sent, or hand delivered (if permitted), to the IRS office and address as directed on the CDP Notice. If the address of the issuing office does not appear on the CDP Notice, the taxpayer should obtain the address of the office to which the written request should be sent or hand delivered by calling, toll-free, 1-800-829-1040 and providing the taxpayer's identification number ( SSN or EIN).

Q-I11. What will happen if the taxpayer does not request an equivalent hearing in writing within the one-year period commencing the day after the date of the CDP Notice issued under section 6330?

A-I11. If the taxpayer does not request an equivalent hearing with Appeals within the one-year period commencing the day after the date of the CDP Notice issued under section 6330, the taxpayer foregoes the right to an equivalent hearing with respect to the unpaid tax and tax periods shown on the CDP Notice. The taxpayer, however, may seek reconsideration by the IRS office collecting the tax, assistance from the National Taxpayer Advocate, or an administrative hearing before Appeals under its Collection Appeals Program or any successor program.

* * * * *

(j) Effective date. This section is applicable the date 30 days after final regulations are published in the Federal Register with respect to requests made for CDP hearings or equivalent hearings on or after the date 30 days after final regulations are published in the Federal Register .

Mark E. Matthews,

Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.

 

301.6330-1. Notice and opportunity for hearing prior to levy

(a) Notification

 

(1) In general. --Except as specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, the Commissioner, or his or her delegate(the Commissioner), will prescribe procedures to provide persons upon whose property or rights to property the IRS intends to levy (hereinafter referred to as the taxpayer) on or after January 19, 1999 , notice of that intention and to give them the right to, and the opportunity for, a pre-levy Collection Due Process (CDP) hearing with the Internal Revenue Service ( IRS ) Office of Appeals (Appeals). This pre-levy Collection Due Process Hearing Notice (CDP Notice) must be given in person, left at the dwelling or usual place of business of the taxpayer, or sent by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, to the taxpayer's last known address. For further guidance regarding the definition of last known address, see 301.6212-2.

 

(2) Exceptions

 

(i) state tax refunds. --Section 6330(f) does not require the Commissioner to provide the taxpayer with notification of the taxpayer's right to a CDP hearing prior to issuing a levy to collect state tax refunds owing to the taxpayer. However, the Commissioner will prescribe procedures to give the taxpayer notice of the right to, and the opportunity for, a CDP hearing with Appeals with respect to any such levy issued on or after January 19, 1999, within a reasonable time after the levy has occurred. The notification required to be given following a levy on a state tax refund is referred to as a post-levy CDP Notice.

 

(ii) Jeopardy. --Section 6330(f) does not require the Commissioner to provide the taxpayer with notification of the taxpayer's right to a CDP hearing prior to a levy when there has been a determination that collection of the tax is in jeopardy. However, the Commissioner will prescribe procedures to provide notice of the right to, and the opportunity for, a CDP hearing with Appeals to the taxpayer with respect to any such levy issued on or after January 19, 1999 , within a reasonable time after the levy has occurred. The notification required to be given following a jeopardy levy also is referred to as post-levy CDP Notice.

 

(3) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (a) as follows:

 

Q-A1. Who is the person to be notified under section 6330?

 

A-A1. Under section 6330(a)(1), a pre-levy or post-levy CDP Notice is required to be given only to the person whose property or right to property is intended to be levied upon, or, in the case of a levy made on a state tax refund or a jeopardy levy, the person whose property or right to property was levied upon. The person described in section 6330(a)(1) is the same person described in section 6331(a) --i.e., the person liable to pay the tax due after notice and demand who refuses or neglects to pay (referred to here as the taxpayer). A pre-levy or post-levy CDP Notice therefore will be given only to the taxpayer.



Q-A2. Will the IRS give notification to a known nominee of, a person holding property of, or a person who holds property subject to a lien with respect to, the taxpayer of the IRS ' intention to issue a levy?

 

A-A2. No. Such a person is not the person described in section 6331(a)(1), but such persons have other remedies. See A-B5 of paragraph (b)(2) of this section.



Q-A3. Will the IRS give notification for each tax and tax period it intends to include or has included in a levy issued on or after January 19, 1999 ?

 

A-A3. Yes. The notification of an intent to levy or of the issuance of a jeopardy or state tax refund levy will specify each tax and tax period that will be or was included in the levy.



Q-A4. Will the IRS give notification to a taxpayer with respect to levies for a tax and tax period issued on or after January 19, 1999, even though the IRS had issued a levy prior to January 19, 1999, with respect to the same tax and tax period?

 

A-A4. Yes. The IRS will provide appropriate pre-levy or post-levy notification to a taxpayer regarding the first levy it intends to issue or has issued on or after January 19, 1999 , with respect to a tax and tax period, even though it had issued a levy with respect to that same tax and tax period prior to January 19, 1999 .



Q-A5. When will the IRS provide this notice?

 

A-A5. Beginning on January 19, 1999, the IRS will give a pre-levy CDP Notice to the taxpayer of the IRS ' intent to levy on property or rights to property, other than in state tax refund and jeopardy levy situations, at least 30 days prior to the first such levy with respect to a tax and tax period. If the taxpayer has not received a pre-levy CDP Notice and the IRS levies on a state tax refund or issues a jeopardy levy on or after January 19, 1999, the IRS will provide a post-levy CDP Notice to the taxpayer within a reasonable time after that levy.



Q-A6. What must a pre-levy CDP Notice include?

 

A-A6. Pursuant to section 6330(a)(3), a pre-levy CDP Notice must include, in simple and nontechnical terms:

 

(i) The amount of the unpaid tax.

 

(ii) Notification of the right to request a CDP hearing.

 

(iii) A statement that the IRS intends to levy.

 

(iv) The taxpayer's rights with respect to the levy action, including a brief statement that sets forth --

 

(A) The statutory provisions relating to the levy and sale of property;

 

(B) The procedures applicable to the levy and sale of property;

 

(C) The administrative appeals available to the taxpayer with respect to the levy and sale and the procedures relating to those appeals;

 

(D) The alternatives available to taxpayers that could prevent levy on the property (including installment agreements); and

 

(E) The statutory provisions and the procedures relating to the redemption of property and the release of liens on property.



Q-A7. What must a post-levy CDP Notice include?

 

A-A7. A post-levy CDP Notice must include, in simple and nontechnical terms:

 

(i) The amount of the unpaid tax.

 

(ii) Notification of the right to request a CDP hearing.

 

(iii) A statement that the IRS has levied upon the taxpayer's state tax refund or has made a jeopardy levy on property or rights to property of the taxpayer, as appropriate.

 

(iv) The taxpayer's rights with respect to the levy action, including a brief statement that sets forth --

 

(A) The statutory provisions relating to the levy and sale of property;

 

(B) The procedures applicable to the levy and sale of property;

 

(C) The administrative appeals available to the taxpayer with respect to the levy and sale and the procedures relating to those appeals;

 

(D) The alternatives available to taxpayers that could prevent any further levies on the taxpayer's property (including installment agreements); and

 

(E) The statutory provisions and the procedures relating to the redemption of property and the release of liens on property.



Q-A8. How will this pre-levy or post-levy notification under section 6330 be accomplished?

 

A-A8. The IRS will notify the taxpayer by means of a pre-levy CDP Notice or a post-levy CDP Notice, as appropriate. The additional information the IRS is required to provide, together with Form 12153, Request for a Collection Due Process Hearing, will be included with the CDP Notice.

 

(i) The IRS may effect delivery of a pre-levy CDP Notice (and accompanying materials) in one of three ways:

 

(A) By delivering the notice personally to the taxpayer.

 

(B) By leaving the notice at the taxpayer's dwelling or usual place of business.

 

(C) By mailing the notice to the taxpayer at the taxpayer's last known address by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested.

 

(ii) The IRS may effect delivery of a post-levy CDP Notice (and accompanying materials) in one of three ways:

 

(A) By delivering the notice personally to the taxpayer.

 

(B) By leaving the notice at the taxpayer's dwelling or usual place of business.

 

(C) By mailing the notice to the taxpayer at the taxpayer's last known address by certified or registered mail.



Q-A9. What are the consequences if the taxpayer does not receive or accept the notification which was properly left at the taxpayer's dwelling or usual place of business, or properly sent by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, to the taxpayer's last known address?

 

A-A9. Notification properly sent to the taxpayer's last known address or left at the taxpayer's dwelling or usual place of business is sufficient to start the 30-day period within which the taxpayer may request a CDP hearing. See paragraph (c) of this section for when a request for a CDP hearing must be filed. Actual receipt is not a prerequisite to the validity of the CDP Notice.



Q-A10. What if the taxpayer does not receive the CDP Notice because the IRS did not send that notice by certified or registered mail to the taxpayer's last known address, or failed to leave it at the dwelling or usual place of business of the taxpayer, and the taxpayer fails to request a CDP hearing with Appeals within the 30-day period commencing the day after the date of the CDP Notice?

 

A-A10. When the IRS determines that it failed properly to provide a taxpayer with a CDP Notice, it will promptly provide the taxpayer with a substitute CDP Notice and provide the taxpayer with an opportunity to request a CDP hearing. Substitute CDP Notices are discussed in Q&A-B3 of paragraph (b) (2) and Q&A-C8 of paragraph (c) (2) of this section.



(4) Examples. --The following examples illustrate the principles of this paragraph (a):

 

Example 1. Prior to January 19, 1999 , the IRS issues a continuous levy on a taxpayer's wages and a levy on that taxpayer's fixed right to future payments. The IRS is not required to release either levy on or after January 19, 1999 , until the requirements of section 6343(a)(1) are met. The taxpayer is not entitled to a CDP Notice or a CDP hearing under section 6330 with respect to either levy because both levy actions were initiated prior to January 19, 1999 .

 

Example 2. The same facts as in Example 1, except the IRS intends to levy upon a taxpayer's bank account on or after January 19, 1999 . The taxpayer is entitled to a pre-levy CDP Notice with respect to this proposed new levy.

 

(b) Entitlement to a CDP hearing

 

(1) In general. --A taxpayer is entitled to one CDP hearing with respect to the unpaid tax and tax periods covered by the pre-levy or post-levy CDP Notice provided to the taxpayer. The taxpayer must request the CDP hearing within the 30-day period commencing on the day after the date of the CDP Notice.

 

(2) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (b) as follows:

 

Q-B1. Is the taxpayer entitled to a CDP hearing where a levy for state tax refunds is issued on or after January 19, 1999 , even though the IRS had previously issued other levies prior to January 19, 1999 , seeking to collect the taxes owed for the same period?

 

A-B1. Yes. The taxpayer is entitled to a CDP hearing under section 6330 for the type of tax and tax periods set forth in the state tax refund levy issued on or after January 19, 1999 .



Q-B2. Is the taxpayer entitled to a CDP hearing when the IRS , more than 30 days after issuance of a CDP Notice under section 6330 with respect to the unpaid tax and periods, provides subsequent notice to that taxpayer that the IRS intends to levy on property or rights to property of the taxpayer for the same tax and tax periods shown on the CDP Notice?

 

A-B2. No. Under section 6330, only the first pre-levy or post-levy CDP Notice with respect to the unpaid tax and tax periods entitles the taxpayer to request a CDP hearing. If the taxpayer does not timely request a CDP hearing with Appeals following that first notification, the taxpayer foregoes the right to a CDP hearing with Appeals and judicial review of Appeals' determination with respect to levies relating to that tax and tax period. The IRS generally provides additional notices or reminders (reminder notifications) to the taxpayer of its intent to levy when no collection action has occurred within 180 days of a proposed levy. Under such circumstances, a taxpayer may request an equivalent hearing as described in paragraph (i) of this section.



Q-B3. When the IRS provides a taxpayer with a substitute CDP Notice and the taxpayer timely requests a CDP hearing, is the taxpayer entitled to a CDP Hearing before Appeals?

 

A-B3. Yes. Unless the taxpayer provides the IRS a written withdrawal of the request that Appeals conduct a CDP hearing, the taxpayer is entitled to a CDP hearing before Appeals. Following the hearing, Appeals will issue a Notice of Determination, and the taxpayer is entitled to seek judicial review of that Notice of Determination.



Q-B4. If the IRS sends a second CDP Notice under section 6330 (other than a substitute CDP Notice) for a tax period and with respect to an unpaid tax for which a CDP Notice under section 6330 was previously sent, is the taxpayer entitled to a section 6330 CDP hearing based on the second CDP Notice?

 

A-B4. No. The taxpayer is entitled to only one CDP hearing under section 6330 with respect to the tax and tax period. The taxpayer must request the CDP hearing within 30 days of the date of the first CDP Notice provided for that tax and tax period.



Q-B5. Will the IRS give pre-levy or post-levy CDP Notices to known nominees of, persons holding property of, or persons holding property subject to a lien with respect to the taxpayer?

 

A-B5. No. Such person is not the person described in section 6331(a) and is, therefore, not entitled to a CDP hearing or an equivalent hearing (as discussed in paragraph (i) of this section). Such person, however, may seek reconsideration by the IRS office collecting the tax, assistance from the National Taxpayer Advocate, or an administrative hearing before Appeals under its Collection Appeals Program. However, any such administrative hearing would not be a CDP hearing under section 6330 and any determination or decision resulting from the hearing would not be subject to judicial review.



(3) Example. --The following example illustrates the principles of this paragraph (b):

 

Example. Federal income tax liability for 1997 is assessed against individual D. D buys an asset and puts it in individual E's name. The IRS gives D a CDP Notice of intent to levy with respect to the 1997 tax liability. The IRS will not notify E of its intent to levy. The IRS is not required to notify E of its intent to levy although E holds property of individual D. E is not the taxpayer.

 

(c) Requesting a CDP hearing

 

(1) In general. --When a taxpayer is entitled to a CDP hearing under section 6330, the CDP hearing must be requested during the 30-day period that commences the day after the date of the CDP Notice.

 

(2) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (c) as follows:

 

Q-C1. What must a taxpayer do to obtain a CDP hearing?

 

A-C1. (i) The taxpayer must make a request in writing for a CDP hearing. A written request in any form which requests a CDP hearing will be acceptable. The request must include the taxpayer's name, address, and daytime telephone number, and must be signed by the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative and dated. The CDP Notice should include, when appropriate, a Form 12153, Request for a Collection Due Process Hearing, that can be used by the taxpayer to request a CDP hearing.

 

(ii) The Form 12153 requests the following information:

 

(A) The taxpayer's name, address, daytime telephone number, and taxpayer identification number ( SSN or TIN ).

 

(B) The type of tax involved.

 

(C) The tax period at issue.

 

(D) A statement that the taxpayer requests a hearing with Appeals concerning the proposed collection activity.

 

(E) The reason or reasons why the taxpayer disagrees with the proposed collection action.

 

(iii) Taxpayers are encouraged to use a Form 12153 in requesting a CDP hearing so that the request can be readily identified and forwarded to Appeals. Taxpayers may obtain a copy of Form 12153 by contacting the IRS office that issued the CDP Notice or by calling, toll-free, 1-800-829-3676 .

 

(iv) The taxpayer may perfect any timely written request for a CDP hearing, which otherwise meets the requirements set forth above and which is made or alleged to have been made on the taxpayer's behalf by the taxpayer's spouse or any other representative, by filing, within a reasonable time of a request from Appeals, a signed written affirmation that the request was originally submitted on the taxpayer's behalf.



Q-C2. Must the request for the CDP hearing be in writing?

 

A-C2. Yes. There are several reasons why the request for a CDP hearing must be in writing. The filing of a timely request for a CDP hearing is the first step in what may result in a court proceeding. A written request will provide proof that the CDP hearing was requested and thus permit the court to verify that it has jurisdiction over any subsequent appeal of the Notice of Determination issued by Appeals. In addition, the receipt of the written request will establish the date on which the periods of limitation under section 6502 (relating to collection after assessment), section 6531 (relating to criminal prosecutions), and section 6532 (relating to suits) are suspended as a result of the CDP hearing and any judicial appeal. Moreover, because the IRS anticipates that taxpayers will contact the IRS office that issued the CDP Notice for further information or assistance in filling out Form 12153, or to attempt to resolve their liabilities prior to going through the CDP hearing process, the requirement of a written request should help prevent any misunderstanding as to whether a CDP hearing has been requested. If the information requested on Form 12153 is furnished by the taxpayer, the written request also will help to establish the issues for which the taxpayer seeks a determination by Appeals.



Q-C3. When must a taxpayer request a CDP hearing with respect to a CDP Notice issued under section 6330?

 

A-C3. A taxpayer must submit a written request for a CDP hearing within the 30-day period commencing the day after the date of the CDP Notice issued under section 6330. This period is slightly different from the period for submitting a written request for a CDP hearing with respect to a CDP Notice issued under section 6320. For a CDP Notice issued under section 6320, a taxpayer must submit a written request for a CDP hearing within the 30-day period commencing the day after the end of the five business day period following the filing of the notice of federal tax lien (NFTL).



Q-C4. How will the timeliness of a taxpayer's written request for a CDP hearing be determined?

 

A-C4. The rules and regulations under section 7502 and section 7503 will apply to determine the timeliness of the taxpayer's request for a CDP hearing, if properly transmitted and addressed as provided in A-C6 of this paragraph (c)(2).



Q-C5. Is the 30-day period within which a taxpayer must make a request for a CDP hearing extended because the taxpayer resides outside the United States?

 

A-C5. No. Section 6330 does not make provision for such a circumstance. Accordingly, all taxpayers who want a CDP hearing under section 6330 must request such a hearing within the 30-day period commencing the day after the date of the CDP Notice.



Q-C6. Where should the written request for a CDP hearing be sent?

 

A-C6. The written request for a CDP hearing must be sent, or hand delivered, to the IRS office that issued the CDP Notice at the address indicated on the CDP Notice. If the address of that office does not appear on the CDP notice, the request must be sent, or hand delivered, to the compliance area director, or his or her successor, serving the compliance area in which the taxpayer resides or has its principal place of business. If the taxpayer does not have a residence or principal place of business in the United States, the request must be sent, or hand delivered, to the compliance director, Philadelphia Submission Processing Center, or his or her successor. Taxpayers may obtain the address of the appropriate person to which the written request should be sent or hand delivered by calling, toll-free, 1-800-829-1040 and providing their taxpayer identification number ( SSN or TIN ).



Q-C7. What will happen if the taxpayer does not request a CDP hearing in writing within the 30-day period commencing on the day after the date of the CDP Notice issued under section 6330?

 

A-C7. If the taxpayer does not request a CDP hearing with Appeals within the 30-day period commencing the day after the date of the CDP Notice, the taxpayer will forego the right to a CDP hearing under section 6330 with respect to the unpaid tax and tax periods shown on the CDP Notice. The taxpayer may, however, request an equivalent hearing. See paragraph (i) of this section.



Q-C8. When must a taxpayer request a CDP hearing with respect to a substitute CDP Notice?

 

A-C8. A CDP hearing with respect to a substitute CDP Notice must be requested in writing by the taxpayer prior to the end of the 30-day period commencing the day after the date of the substitute CDP Notice.



Q-C9. Can taxpayers attempt to resolve the matter of the proposed levy with an officer or employee of the IRS office collecting the tax liability stated on the CDP Notice either before or after requesting a CDP hearing?

 

A-C9. Yes. Taxpayers are encouraged to discuss their concerns with the IRS office collecting the tax, either before or after they request a CDP hearing. If such a discussion occurs before a request is made for a CDP hearing, the matter may be resolved without the need for Appeals consideration. However, these discussions do not suspend the running of the 30-day period within which the taxpayer is required to request a CDP hearing, nor do they extend that 30-day period. If discussions occur after the request for a CDP hearing is filed and the taxpayer resolves the matter with the IRS office collecting the tax, the taxpayer may withdraw in writing the request that a CDP hearing be conducted by Appeals. The taxpayer can also waive in writing some or all of the requirements regarding the contents of the Notice of Determination.



(3) Examples. --The following examples illustrate the principles of this paragraph (c):

 

Example 1. The IRS mails a CDP Notice of intent to levy to individual A's last known address on June 24, 1999 . Individual A has until July 26, 1999 , a Monday, to request a CDP hearing. The 30-day period within which individual A may request a CDP hearing begins on June 25, 1999 . Because the 30-day period expires on July 24, 1999 , a Saturday, individual A's written request for a CDP hearing will be considered timely if it is properly transmitted and addressed to the IRS in accordance with section 7502 and the regulations thereunder no later than July 26, 1999 .

 

Example 2. Same facts as in Example 1, except that individual A is on vacation, outside the United States, or otherwise does not receive or read the CDP Notice until July 19, 1999 . As in Example 1, individual A has until July 26, 1999 , to request a CDP hearing. If individual A does not request a CDP hearing, individual A may request an equivalent hearing as to the levy at a later time. The taxpayer should make a request for an equivalent hearing at the earliest possible time.

 

Example 3. Same facts as in Example 2, except that individual A does not receive or read the CDP Notice until after July 26, 1999 , and does not request a hearing by July 26, 1999 . Individual A is not entitled to a CDP hearing. Individual A may request an equivalent hearing as to the levy at a later time. The taxpayer should make a request for an equivalent hearing at the earliest possible time.

 

Example 4. Same facts as in Example 1, except the IRS determines that the CDP Notice mailed on June 24, 1999 , was not mailed to individual A's last known address. As soon as practicable after making this determination, the IRS will mail a substitute CDP Notice to individual A at individual A's last known address, hand deliver the substitute CDP Notice to individual A, or leave the substitute CDP Notice at individual A's dwelling or usual place of business. Individual A will have 30 days commencing on the day after the date of the substitute CDP Notice within which to request a CDP hearing.

 

(d) Conduct of CDP hearing

 

(1) In general. --If a taxpayer requests a CDP hearing under section 6330(a)(3)(B) (and does not withdraw that request), the CDP hearing will be held with Appeals. The taxpayer is entitled to only one CDP hearing under section 6330 with respect to the unpaid tax and tax periods shown on the CDP Notice. To the extent practicable, the CDP hearing requested under section 6330 will be held in conjunction with any CDP hearing the taxpayer requests under section 6320. A CDP hearing will be conducted by an employee or officer of Appeals who, prior to the first CDP hearing under section 6320 or section 6330, has had no involvement with respect to the tax for the tax periods to be covered by the hearing, unless the taxpayer waives this requirement.

 

(2) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (d) as follows:

 

Q-D1. Under what circumstances can a taxpayer receive more than one pre-levy CDP hearing under section 6330 with respect to a tax period?

 

A-D1. The taxpayer may receive more than one CDP pre-levy hearing under section 6330 with respect to a tax period where the tax involved is a different type of tax (for example, an employment tax liability, where the original CDP hearing for the tax period involved an income tax liability), or where the same type of tax for the same period is involved, but where the amount of the unpaid tax has changed as a result of an additional assessment of tax (not including interest or penalties) for that period or an additional accuracy-related or filing-delinquency penalty has been assessed. The taxpayer is not entitled to another CDP hearing under section 6330 if the additional assessment represents accruals of interest, accruals of penalties, or both.



Q-D2. Will a CDP hearing with respect to one tax period be combined with a CDP hearing with respect to another tax period?

 

A-D2. To the extent practicable, a CDP hearing with respect to one tax period shown on a CDP Notice will be combined with any and all other CDP hearings which the taxpayer has requested.



Q-D3. Will a CDP hearing under section 6330 be combined with a CDP hearing under section 6320?

 

A-D3. To the extent it is practicable, a CDP hearing under section 6330 will be held in conjunction with a CDP hearing under section 6320.



Q-D4. What is considered to be prior involvement by an employee or officer of Appeals with respect to the tax and tax period or periods involved in the hearing?

 

A-D4. Prior involvement by an employee or officer of Appeals includes participation or involvement in an Appeals hearing (other than a CDP hearing held under either section 6320 or section 6330) that the taxpayer may have had with respect to the tax and tax periods shown on the CDP Notice.



Q-D5. How can a taxpayer waive the requirement that the officer or employee of Appeals have no prior involvement with respect to the tax and tax period or periods involved in the CDP hearing?

 

A-D5. The taxpayer must sign a written waiver.



Q-D6. How are CDP hearings conducted?

 

A-D6. The formal hearing procedures required under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq., do not apply to CDP hearings. CDP hearings are much like Collection Appeal Program ( CAP ) hearings in that they are informal in nature and do not require the Appeals officer or employee and the taxpayer, or the taxpayer's representative, to hold a face-to-face meeting. A CDP hearing may, but is not required to, consist of a face-to-face meeting, one or more written or oral communications between an Appeals officer or employee and the taxpayer or the taxpayer's representative, or some combination thereof. A transcript or recording of any face-to-face meeting or conversation between an Appeals officer or employee and the taxpayer or the taxpayer's representative is not required. The taxpayer or the taxpayer's representative does not have the right to subpoena and examine witnesses at a CDP hearing.



Q-D7. If a taxpayer wants a face-to-face CDP hearing, where will it be held?

 

A-D7. The taxpayer must be offered an opportunity for a hearing at the Appeals office closest to taxpayer's residence or, in the case of a business taxpayer, the taxpayer's principal place of business. If that is not satisfactory to the taxpayer, the taxpayer will be given an opportunity for a hearing by correspondence or by telephone. If that is not satisfactory to the taxpayer, the Appeals officer or employee will review the taxpayer's request for a CDP hearing, the case file, any other written communications from the taxpayer (including written communications, if any, submitted in connection with the CDP hearing), and any notes of any oral communications with the taxpayer or the taxpayer's representative. Under such circumstances, review of those documents will constitute the CDP hearing for the purposes of section 6330(b).



(e) Matters considered at CDP hearing

 

(1) In general. --Appeals has the authority to determine the validity, sufficiency, and timeliness of any CDP Notice given by the IRS and of any request for a CDP hearing that is made by a taxpayer. Prior to issuance of a determination, the hearing officer is required to obtain verification from the IRS office collecting the tax that the requirements of any applicable law or administrative procedure have been met. The taxpayer may raise any relevant issue relating to the unpaid tax at the hearing, including appropriate spousal defenses, challenges to the appropriateness of the proposed collection action, and offers of collection alternatives. The taxpayer also may raise challenges to the existence or amount of the tax liability specified on the CDP Notice for any tax period shown on the CDP Notice if the taxpayer did not receive a statutory notice of deficiency for that tax liability or did not otherwise have an opportunity to dispute that tax liability. Finally, the taxpayer may not raise an issue that was raised and considered at a previous CDP hearing under section 6320 or in any other previous administrative or judicial proceeding if the taxpayer participated meaningfully in such hearing or proceeding. Taxpayers will be expected to provide all relevant information requested by Appeals, including financial statements, for its consideration of the facts and issues involved in the hearing.

 

(2) Spousal defenses. --A taxpayer may raise any appropriate spousal defenses at a CDP hearing unless the Commissioner has already made a final determination as to spousal defenses in a statutory notice of deficiency or final determination letter. To claim a spousal defense under section 66 or section 6015, the taxpayer must do so in writing according to rules prescribed by the Commissioner or the Secretary. Spousal defenses raised under sections 66 and 6015 in a CDP hearing are governed in all respects by the provisions of sections 66 and section 6015 and the regulations and procedures thereunder.

 

(3) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (e) as follows:

 

Q-E1. What factors will Appeals consider in making its determination?

 

A-E1. Appeals will consider the following matters in making its determination:

 

(i) Whether the IRS met the requirements of any applicable law or administrative procedure.

 

(ii) Any issues appropriately raised by the taxpayer relating to the unpaid tax.

 

(iii) Any appropriate spousal defenses raised by the taxpayer.

 

(iv) Any challenges made by the taxpayer to the appropriateness of the proposed collection action.

 

(v) Any offers by the taxpayer for collection alternatives.

 

(vi) Whether the proposed collection action balances the need for the efficient collection of taxes and the legitimate concern of the taxpayer that any collection action be no more intrusive than necessary.



Q-E2. When is a taxpayer entitled to challenge the existence or amount of the tax liability specified in the CDP Notice?

 

A-E2. A taxpayer is entitled to challenge the existence or amount of the tax liability specified in the CDP Notice if the taxpayer did not receive a statutory notice of deficiency for such liability or did not otherwise have an opportunity to dispute such liability. Receipt of a statutory notice of deficiency for this purpose means receipt in time to petition the Tax Court for a redetermination of the deficiency asserted in the notice of deficiency. An opportunity to dispute a liability includes a prior opportunity for a conference with Appeals that was offered either before or after the assessment of the liability.



Q-E3. Are spousal defenses subject to the limitations imposed under section 6330(c)(2)(B) on a taxpayer's right to challenge the tax liability specified in the CDP Notice at a CDP hearing?

 

A-E3. The limitations imposed under section 6330(c)(2)(B) do not apply to spousal defenses. When a taxpayer asserts a spousal defense, the taxpayer is not disputing the amount or existence of the liability itself, but asserting a defense to the liability which may or may not be disputed. A spousal defense raised under section 66 or section 6015 is governed by section 66 or section 6015 and the regulations and procedures thereunder. Any limitation under those sections, regulations, and procedures therefore will apply.



Q-E4. May a taxpayer raise at a CDP hearing a spousal defense under section 66 or section 6015 if that defense was raised and considered administratively and the Commissioner has issued a statutory notice of deficiency or final determination letter addressing the spousal defense?

 

A-E4. No. A taxpayer is precluded from raising a spousal defense at a CDP hearing when the Commissioner has made a final determination (under section 66 or section 6015) as to spousal defenses in a final determination letter or statutory notice of deficiency. However, a taxpayer may raise spousal defenses in a CDP hearing when the taxpayer has previously raised spousal defenses, but the Commissioner has not yet made a final determination regarding this issue.



Q-E5. May a taxpayer raise at a CDP hearing a spousal defense under section 66 or section 6015 if that defense was raised and considered in a prior judicial proceeding that has become final?

 

A-E5. No. A taxpayer is precluded by the doctrine of res judicata and by the specific limitations under section 66 or section 6015 from raising a spousal defense in a CDP hearing under these circumstances.



Q-E6. What collection alternatives are available to the taxpayer?

 

A-E6. Collection alternatives would include, for example, a proposal to withhold the proposed or future collection action in circumstances that will facilitate the collection of the tax liability, an installment agreement, an offer-in-compromise, the posting of a bond, or the substitution of other assets.



Q-E7. What issues may a taxpayer raise in a CDP hearing under section 6330 if the taxpayer previously received a notice under section 6320 with respect to the same tax and tax period and did not request a CDP hearing with respect to that notice?

 

A-E7. The taxpayer may raise appropriate spousal defenses, challenges to the appropriateness of the proposed collection action, and offers of collection alternatives. The existence or amount of the tax liability for the tax for the tax period specified in the CDP Notice may be challenged only if the taxpayer did not already have an opportunity to dispute that tax liability. Where the taxpayer previously received a CDP Notice under section 6320 with respect to the same tax and tax period and did not request a CDP hearing with respect to that earlier CDP Notice, the taxpayer already had an opportunity to dispute the existence or amount of the underlying tax liability.



Q-E8. How will Appeals issue its determination?

 

A-E8. (i) Taxpayers will be sent a dated Notice of Determination by certified or registered mail. The Notice of Determination will set forth Appeals' findings and decisions. It will state whether the IRS met the requirements of any applicable law or administrative procedure; it will resolve any issues appropriately raised by the taxpayer relating to the unpaid tax; it will include a decision on any appropriate spousal defenses raised by the taxpayer; it will include a decision on any challenges made by the taxpayer to the appropriateness of the collection action; it will respond to any offers by the taxpayer for collection alternatives; and it will address whether the proposed collection action represents a balance between the need for the efficient collection of taxes and the legitimate concern of the taxpayer that any collection action be no more intrusive than necessary. The Notice of Determination will also set forth any agreements that Appeals reached with the taxpayer, any relief given the taxpayer, and any actions the taxpayer or the IRS are required to take. Lastly, the Notice of Determination will advise the taxpayer of the taxpayer's right to seek judicial review within 30 days of the date of the Notice of Determination.

 

(ii) Because taxpayers are encouraged to discuss their concerns with the IRS office collecting the tax, certain matters that might have been raised at a CDP hearing may be resolved without the need for Appeals consideration. Unless, as a result of these discussions, the taxpayer agrees in writing to withdraw the request that Appeals conduct a CDP hearing, Appeals will still issue a Notice of Determination, but the taxpayer can waive in writing Appeals' consideration of some or all of the matters it would otherwise consider in making its determination.



Q-E9. Is there a period of time within which Appeals must conduct a CDP hearing or issue a Notice of Determination?

 

A-E9. No. Appeals will, however, attempt to conduct a CDP hearing and issue a Notice of Determination as expeditiously as possible under the circumstances.



Q-E10. Why is the Notice of Determination and its date important?

 

A-E10. The Notice of Determination will set forth Appeals' findings and decisions with respect to the matters set forth in A-E1 of this paragraph (e)(3). The 30-day period within which the taxpayer is permitted to seek judicial review of Appeals' determination commences the day after the date of the Notice of Determination.



Q-E11. If an Appeals officer considers the merits of a taxpayer's liability in a CDP hearing when the taxpayer had previously received a statutory notice of deficiency or otherwise had an opportunity to dispute the liability prior to the issuance of a notice of intention to levy, will the Appeals officer's determination regarding those liability issues be considered part of the Notice of Determination?

 

A-E11. No. An Appeals officer may consider the existence and amount of the underlying tax liability as a part of the CDP hearing only if the taxpayer did not receive a statutory notice of deficiency for the tax liability in question or otherwise have a prior opportunity to dispute the tax liability. Similarly, an Appeals officer may not consider any other issue if the issue was raised and considered at a previous hearing under section 6320 or in any other previous administrative or judicial proceeding in which the person seeking to raise the issue meaningfully participated. In the Appeals officer's sole discretion, however, the Appeals officer may consider the existence or amount of the underlying tax liability, or such other precluded issues, at the same time as the CDP hearing. Any determination, however, made by the Appeals officer with respect to such a precluded issue shall not be treated as part of the Notice of Determination issued by the Appeals officer and will not be subject to any judicial review. Because any decision made by the Appeals officer on such precluded issues is not properly a part of the CDP hearing, such decisions are not required to appear in the Notice of Determination issued following the hearing. Even if a decision concerning such precluded issues is referred to in the Notice of Determination, it is not reviewable by a district court or the Tax Court because the precluded issue is not properly part of the CDP hearing.



(4) Examples. --The following examples illustrate the principles of this paragraph (e):

 

Example I. The IRS sends a statutory notice of deficiency to the taxpayer at his last known address asserting a deficiency for the tax year 1995. The taxpayer receives the notice of deficiency in time to petition the Tax Court for a redetermination of the asserted deficiency. The taxpayer does not timely file a petition with the Tax Court. The taxpayer is precluded from challenging the existence or amount of the tax liability in a subsequent CDP hearing.

 

Example 2. Same facts as in Example 1, except the taxpayer does not receive the notice of deficiency in time to petition the Tax Court and did not have another prior opportunity to dispute the tax liability. The taxpayer is not precluded from challenging the existence or amount of the tax liability in a subsequent CDP hearing.

 

Example 3. The IRS properly assesses a trust fund recovery penalty against the taxpayer. The IRS offers the taxpayer the opportunity for a conference with Appeals at which the taxpayer would have the opportunity to dispute the assessed liability. The taxpayer declines the opportunity to participate in such a conference. The taxpayer is precluded from challenging the existence or amount of the tax liability in a subsequent CDP hearing.

 

(f) Judicial review of Notice of Determination

 

(1) In general. --Unless the taxpayer provides the IRS a written withdrawal of the request that Appeals conduct a CDP hearing, Appeals is required to issue a Notice of Determination in all cases where a taxpayer has timely requested a CDP hearing. The taxpayer may appeal such determinations made by Appeals within the 30-day period commencing the day after the date of the Notice of Determination to the Tax Court or a district court of the United States, as appropriate.

 

(2) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (f) as follows:

 

Q-F1. What must a taxpayer do to obtain judicial review of a Notice of Determination?

 

A-F1. Subject to the jurisdictional limitations described in A-F2, the taxpayer must, within the 30-day period commencing the day after the date of the Notice of Determination, appeal the determination by Appeals to the Tax Court or to a district court of the United States.



Q-F2. With respect to the relief available to the taxpayer under section 6015, what is the time frame within which a taxpayer may seek Tax Court review of Appeals' determination following a CDP hearing?

 

A-F2. If the taxpayer seeks Tax Court review not only of Appeals' denial of relief under section 6015, but also of relief with respect to other issues raised in the CDP hearing, the taxpayer should request Tax Court review within the 30-day period commencing the day after the date of the Notice of Determination. If the taxpayer only seeks Tax Court review of Appeals' denial of relief under section 6015, the taxpayer should request review by the Tax Court, as provided by section 6015(e), within 90 days of Appeals' determination. If a request for Tax Court review is filed after the 30-day period for seeking judicial review under section 6330, then only the taxpayer's section 6015 claims may be reviewable by the Tax Court.



Q-F3. Where should a taxpayer direct a request for judicial review of a Notice of Determination?

 

A-F3. If the Tax Court would have jurisdiction over the type of tax specified in the CDP Notice (for example, income and estate taxes), then the taxpayer must seek judicial review by the Tax Court. If the tax liability arises from a type of tax over which the Tax Court would not have jurisdiction, then the taxpayer must seek judicial review by a district court of the United States in accordance with Title 28 of the United States Code.



Q-F4. What happens if the taxpayer timely appeals Appeals' determination to the incorrect court?

 

A-F4. If the court to which the taxpayer directed a timely appeal of the Notice of Determination determines that the appeal was to the incorrect court (because of jurisdictional, venue or other reasons), the taxpayer will have 30 days after the court's determination to that effect within which to file an appeal to the correct court.



Q-F5. What issue or issues may the taxpayer raise before the Tax Court or before a district court if the taxpayer disagrees with the Notice of Determination?

 

A-F5. In seeking Tax Court or district court review of Appeals' Notice of Determination, the taxpayer can only ask the court to consider an issue that was raised in the taxpayer's CDP hearing.



(g) Effect of request for CDP hearing and judicial review on periods of limitation and collection activity

 

(1) In general. --The periods of limitation under section 6502 (relating to collection after assessment), section 6531 (relating to criminal prosecutions), and section 6532 (relating to suits) are suspended until the date the IRS receives the taxpayer's written withdrawal of the request for a CDP hearing by Appeals or the determination resulting from the CDP hearing becomes final by expiration of the time for seeking judicial review or the exhaustion of any rights to appeals following judicial review. In no event shall any of these periods of limitation expire before the 90th day after the date on which the IRS receives the taxpayer's written withdrawal of the request that Appeals conduct a CDP hearing or the Notice of Determination with respect to such hearing becomes final upon either the expiration of the time for seeking judicial review or upon exhaustion of any rights to appeals following judicial review.

 

(2) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (g) as follows:

 

Q-G1. For what period of time will the periods of limitation under section 6502, section 6531, and section 6532 remain suspended if the taxpayer timely requests a CDP hearing concerning a pre-levy or post-levy CDP Notice?

 

A-G1. The suspension period commences on the date the IRS receives the taxpayer's written request for a CDP hearing. The suspension period continues until the IRS receives a written withdrawal by the taxpayer of the request for a CDP hearing or the Notice of Determination resulting from the CDP hearing becomes final upon either the expiration of the time for seeking judicial review or upon exhaustion of any rights to appeals following judicial review. In no event shall any of these periods of limitation expire before the 90th day after the day on which there is a final determination with respect to such hearing. The periods of limitation that are suspended under section 6330 are those which apply to the taxes and the tax period or periods to which the CDP Notice relates.



Q-G2. For what period of time will the periods of limitation under section 6502, section 6531, and section 6532 be suspended if the taxpayer does not request a CDP hearing concerning the CDP Notice, or the taxpayer requests a CDP hearing, but his request is not timely?

 

A-G2. Under either of these circumstances, section 6330 does not provide for a suspension of the periods of limitation.



Q-G3. What, if any, enforcement actions can the IRS take during the suspension period?

 

A-G3. Section 6330(e) provides for the suspension of the periods of limitation discussed in paragraph (g)(1) of these regulations. Section 6330(e) also provides that levy actions that are the subject of the requested CDP hearing under that section shall be suspended during the same period. The IRS , however, may levy for other taxes and periods not covered by the CDP Notice if the CDP requirements under section 6330 for those taxes and periods have been satisfied. The IRS also may file NFTLs for tax periods and taxes, whether or not covered by the CDP Notice issued under section 6330, and may take other non-levy collection actions such as initiating judicial proceedings to collect the tax shown on the CDP Notice or offsetting overpayments from other periods, or of other taxes, against the tax shown on the CDP Notice. Moreover, the provisions in section 6330 do not apply when the IRS levies for the tax and tax period shown on the CDP Notice to collect a state tax refund due the taxpayer, or determines that collection of the tax is in jeopardy. Finally, section 6330 does not prohibit the IRS from accepting any voluntary payments made for the tax and tax period stated on the CDP Notice.



(3) Examples. --The following examples illustrate the principles of this paragraph (g):

 

Example 1. The period of limitation under section 6502 with respect to the taxpayer's tax period listed in the CDP Notice will expire on August 1, 1999 . The IRS sent a CDP Notice to the taxpayer on April 30, 1999 . The taxpayer timely requested a CDP hearing. The IRS received this request on May 15, 1999 . Appeals sends the taxpayer its determination on June 15, 1999 . The taxpayer timely seeks judicial review of that determination. The period of limitation under section 6502 would be suspended from May 15, 1999 , until the determination resulting from that hearing becomes final by expiration of the time for seeking review or reconsideration before the appropriate court, plus 90 days.

 

Example 2. Same facts as in Example 1, except the taxpayer does not seek judicial review of Appeals' determination. Because the taxpayer requested the CDP hearing when fewer than 90 days remained on the period of limitation, the period of limitation will be extended to October 13, 1999 (90 days from July 15, 1999 ).

 

(h) Retained jurisdiction of Appeals

 

(1) In general. --The Appeals office that makes a determination under section 6330 retains jurisdiction over that determination, including any subsequent administrative hearings that may be requested by the taxpayer regarding levies and any collection actions taken or proposed with respect to Appeals' determination. Once a taxpayer has exhausted his other remedies, Appeals' retained jurisdiction permits it to consider whether a change in the taxpayer's circumstances affects its original determination. Where a taxpayer alleges a change in circumstances that affects Appeals' original determination, Appeals may consider whether changed circumstances warrant a change in its earlier determination.

 

(2) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (h) as follows:

 

Q-H1. Are the periods of limitation suspended during the course of any subsequent Appeals consideration of the matters raised by a taxpayer when the taxpayer invokes the retained jurisdiction of Appeals under section 6330(d)(2)(A) or (B)?

 

A-H1. No. Under section 6330(b)(2), a taxpayer is entitled to only one CDP hearing under section 6330 with respect to the tax and tax periods specified in the CDP Notice. Any subsequent consideration by Appeals pursuant to its retained jurisdiction is not a continuation of the original CDP hearing and does not suspend the periods of limitation.



Q-H2. Is a decision of Appeals resulting from a retained jurisdiction hearing appealable to the Tax Court or a district court?

 

A-H2. No. As discussed in A-H1, a taxpayer is entitled to only one CDP hearing under section 6330 with respect to the tax and tax period or periods specified in the CDP Notice. Only determinations resulting from CDP hearings are appealable to the Tax Court or a district court.



(i) Equivalent hearing

 

(1) In general. --A taxpayer who fails to make a timely request for a CDP hearing is not entitled to a CDP hearing. Such a taxpayer may nevertheless request an administrative hearing with Appeals, which is referred to herein as an "equivalent hearing." The equivalent hearing will be held by Appeals and generally will follow Appeals procedures for a CDP hearing. Appeals will not, however, issue a Notice of Determination. Under such circumstances, Appeals will issue a Decision Letter.

 

(2) Questions and answers. --The questions and answers illustrate the provisions of this paragraph (i) as follows:

 

Q-I1. What issues will Appeals consider at an equivalent hearing?

 

A-I1. In an equivalent hearing, Appeals will consider the same issues that it would have considered at a CDP hearing on the same matter.



Q-I2. Are the periods of limitation under sections 6502, 6531, and 6532 suspended if the taxpayer does not timely request a CDP hearing and is subsequently given an equivalent hearing?

 

A-I2. No. The suspension period provided for in section 6330(e) relates only to hearings requested within the 30-day period that commences the day following the date of the pre-levy or post-levy CDP Notice, that is, CDP hearings.



Q-I3. Will collection action be suspended if a taxpayer requests and receives an equivalent hearing?

 

A-I3. Collection action is not required to be suspended. Accordingly, the decision to take collection action during the pendency of an equivalent hearing will be determined on a case-by-case basis. Appeals may request the IRS office with responsibility for collecting the taxes to suspend all or some collection action or to take other appropriate action if it determines that such action is appropriate or necessary under the circumstances.



Q-I4. What will the Decision Letter state?

 

A-I4. The Decision Letter will generally contain the same information as a Notice of Determination.



Q-I5. Will a taxpayer be able to obtain court review of a decision made by Appeals with respect to an equivalent hearing?

 

A-I5. Section 6330 does not authorize a taxpayer to appeal the decision of Appeals with respect to an equivalent hearing. A taxpayer may under certain circumstances be able to seek Tax Court review of Appeals' denial of relief under section 6015. Such review must be sought within 90 days of the issuance of Appeals' determination on those issues, as provided by section 6015(e).



(j) Effective date. --This section is applicable with respect to any levy which occurs on or after January 19, 1999. [Reg. 301.6330-1.]

 

[T.D. 8980, 1-17-2002.]

 

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